The objectives of a proper feeding program for reproduction are to optimize the health and body condition of the queen throughout the various reproductive periods, reproductive performance and kitten health and development through the weaning period. Key indicators of optimal reproduction are ease of conception, a low rate of fetal and neonatal death, normal parturition, maximum litter size, adequate lactation and an optimal rate of growth of healthy kittens. Providing adequate nutrition throughout reproduction has long-range health implications for the offspring. Immune function is impaired for life in animals born to nutritionally deficient queens. The first step is to diagnose pregnancy.
A mama cat adopted us to have her babies in our back patio, I put out a carrier and she had four. Cats are mammals so Lactatingg means they nurse their young until their kittens are weaned and eating food on their own. The kitten food will go from a cate to a watered-down canned food, to regular canned food, then moistened kitten kibble, and finally hard kibble during the weaning time until it is ready to leave its mother at cqts weeks of age. Rabbit and quail and Lactating cats of the red meat patties should also be included Nudea asian girls on boats variation. Folic acid and vitamin B12 are closely related. Fresh water in a clean bowl Lactating cats be available at all times. How many times a day do kittens nurse?
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The nutritional needs of a cat are the most demanding when she is carrying a litter of kittens and subsequently feeding them after birth.
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By Pete Wedderburn. My rescue neutered male cat Smudge seems to be lactating. He licks his underside when grooming himself, and when I pet him afterwards, I find rice-like drops oozing from his nipples. Is something hormonal going on? This is a rare but harmless phenomenon with two likely causes. First: regular, low-grade, massage-type stimulation of a male cat's mammary area can stimulate milk production. This usually happens when a male cat is groomed by another cat in one reported episode, a litter of young kittens managed to make a male cat in the house produce milk by snuggling up to him regularly.
In Smudge's case, his self-grooming may have had the same effect. The second common cause happens when male cats are exposed to hormone-containing medicine: some drugs given by vets can have this effect, and there have been cases of cats licking human skin that has been treated with hormone replacement therapy HRT cream.
It's worth checking carefully to see if Smudge could accidentally be having his hormones supplemented in this way. One corner of my garden has been adopted by a blackbird.
He is completely self-obsessed and continually watches himself in the two mirrors that I have outside. On both mirrors there is a mucky patch in the middle, where he pecks and preens himself. Can you explain his behaviour? Pet subjects: Can I train my cat to use a human loo?
Pet subjects: Can my dog see the ghosts of rodents? Pet subjects: My cat is lost without his companion. Pet subjects: My talking parrot has gone quiet. Pet subjects: Should I walk my rabbit? Pet subjects: do fish get bored?
Birds are often fascinated by mirrors, as many owners of cage birds will tell you. However, their interest is not due to vanity, but because they mistakenly believe that they are looking at another bird. The blackbird may either be courting the bird in the mirror, or perhaps trying to chase him off his territory. I suspect that your blackbird will eventually become bored with the lack of response by the good-looking bird in the mirror and a chance encounter with a real blackbird will probably bring him back to reality.
Two weeks ago you mentioned a West Highland white terrier with severe itchiness and baldness. Our Bernese mountain dog suffered from the same problem, baffling our vet. We eventually discovered the problem by accident: he was rubbing up against a cotoneaster shrub in the garden. We put a fence around the bush and he was soon completely cured. I received an unprecedented volume of emails from readers in response to the itchy Westie. Interestingly, every reported cure was different: some dogs responded to regular anti-parasite treatments, several made a full recovery after being changed to a special diet, and one responded dramatically to Atopica, as prescribed by a veterinary dermatologist.
The take-home message is "don't give up". In particular, work with your vet to find the answer, and search thoroughly for any possible cause of allergy whether in the diet or in the immediate environment. I am fed up with people commenting on the weight of my black labrador, Betty. She may not be as lean as a racing greyhound, but she enjoys her food and I don't see why I should deprive her. What can I say to convince people that she's a healthy, much-loved pet?
Perhaps you are the one who needs to be convinced about what's going on here. You need to force yourself to be genuinely objective about Betty's body condition: it's easy for owners to avoid accepting reality. Nearly 50 per cent of pets visiting the vet are overweight, yet 20 per cent of owners do not acknowledge the problem. Betty may enjoy her food, but by indulging her, you may be accidentally shortening her life. Studies show that keeping a pet within the ideal weight range can add as much as two years to their lifespan.
A "Weigh in Wednesday" campaign is taking place throughout May across the UK, where pet owners are being asked to go to their local vet or pet retailer to have their pet's body condition assessed, free of charge, in an impartial way.
Visit pfma. There are five simple steps to adopting a new pet, and the average time between your decision to adopt and bringing your new pet home is just 14 days. To find out the outcomes of the rescued pets featured in this column, visit the website Pet Subjects Rescue. Send pet problems to pete. All sick animals should, of course, be taken to a vet. Terms and Conditions. Style Book. Weather Forecast. Accessibility links Skip to article Skip to navigation.
Monday 28 October Pet subjects: why is my male cat lactating? Vet Pete Wedderburn answers your pet problems. This week: cat hormone issues and self-obsessed blackbirds.
Related Articles. NH, Cornwall I received an unprecedented volume of emails from readers in response to the itchy Westie. TH, Lancashire Perhaps you are the one who needs to be convinced about what's going on here. Pets Health. In Pets Health. More from The Telegraph. More from the web.
The Animal Protective League advocates that if at all possible you not trap the mother cat until her babies have started eating solid foods. Too many ads? Belgium - Belgique. For health. Reviews New items New comments Latest reviews Search articles. Calcium is highly important for the production of kitten milk, while the phosphorus is vital for a balanced health. Check the labels of the food cans to see if they contain magnesium which facilitates the absorption of calcium , iron to avoid anemia , potassium, sodium and chloride to prevent dehydration.
Lactating cats. Related Articles
How to Take Care of Nursing Cats: 14 Steps (with Pictures)
Being a mama is hard on the body. Every nutrient and calorie newborn kittens need comes from their mother's milk, meaning she needs to stay extra healthy to provide it. Supplements help correct vitamin and nutrient deficiencies, but typically are not necessary for most well-fed mama cats.
You're no doubt familiar with the multivitamins and other supplements you take each morning to stay healthy. Although these may help offset the occasional diet of energy drinks and fast food, your cat most likely has a pretty steady, reliable diet of moist or canned commercial cat food. These commercially prepared foods typically offer all the important nutrients your cat requires, meaning extra supplementation usually isn't necessary, even during or after pregnancy.
Cats are also susceptible to health problems if they get too much of certain vitamins, such as C and D, so adding supplements without consulting your vet may actually hurt your new mama cat instead of help. Put simply, your cat just needs to eat as much as she wants in the weeks after giving birth.
Sounds like a pretty sweet deal, right? To feed her new brood of babies, your little mama needs to double or even triple her caloric intake. This helps her get all the important nutrients, vitamins and minerals she needs to keep herself healthy, and create plenty of good-quality milk to help her babies grow.
Regular adult cat food typically won't offer her the levels she needs, but a high-quality kitten food will. Most pregnant cats are switched to kitten food about halfway through their pregnancies to encourage proper kitten development in the womb, and the amount per feeding is increased after delivery to aid in nursing. Her water intake typically increases as well, as she loses hydration through milk production and nursing. Just because kitten food offers pregnant and nursing mamas everything they need doesn't mean she can't still suffer a deficiency.
Once the babies are out and her milk comes in, your little mama may suffer from eclampsia, which is a calcium deficiency. This essentially occurs when her parathyroid gland, which ultimately controls the amount of calcium in her bloodstream, malfunctions and doesn't tell her bones to release this important nutrient.
After birth your cat's body signals the parathyroid that it needs even more calcium to help create milk for her babies, but a severe deficiency occurs instead, which can be life-threatening. Your vet will devise a treatment plan that may include IV calcium administration and oral supplements. Even though you can find all sorts of supplements for your cat online, in a variety of ranges and concoctions, this is not a do-it-yourself thing.
Too much vitamin C can lead to urinary problems, and excess amounts of vitamin D and calcium are toxic to cats. Never start a supplement plan for your cat without speaking with your vet first, especially if your cat has just given birth or is about to.
Generally speaking, healthy, well-fed cats don't require additional supplementation during nursing. If you suspect any medical problems with your mama cat, see your vet as soon as possible for proper testing and treatment. Her babies depend on her for their health, and she depends on you for hers. Don't self-diagnose or medicate.
Speak with a vet. Jane Williams began her writing career in as the writer and editor of a nationwide marketing company. Her articles have appeared on various websites. Williams briefly attended college for a degree in administration before embarking on her writing career.
The only thing she needs during nursing is quiet time. No Need For Pills You're no doubt familiar with the multivitamins and other supplements you take each morning to stay healthy. Eating for Six Put simply, your cat just needs to eat as much as she wants in the weeks after giving birth.
Calcium Deficiency Just because kitten food offers pregnant and nursing mamas everything they need doesn't mean she can't still suffer a deficiency. Only as Directed Even though you can find all sorts of supplements for your cat online, in a variety of ranges and concoctions, this is not a do-it-yourself thing. Video of the Day. Brought to you by Cuteness.
About the Author Jane Williams began her writing career in as the writer and editor of a nationwide marketing company. Folic Acid Deficiency in Cats. Reasons for Mother Cats Rejecting Kittens. Do Kittens Like Warm Formula?