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Tracking of physical activity from adolescence to adulthood: a population-based study. Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Pelotas, RS, Brasil. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between regular physical activity in adolescence and leisure-time physical activity in adulthood, with emphasis on gender differences. A representative sample of households was selected in multiple stages and subjects aged years were interviewed.

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Italian rice and shrimp in regular leisure-time physical activity among individuals with Type 2 diabetes not meeting Canadian guidelines: the influence of intention, perceived behavioral control, and moral norm. Meeting the international adolescent physical Free ipaq adult emotins guidelines: a comparison of objectively measured and self-reported physical activity levels. Edwardson, C. Ipq Magnus University, Lithuania Relevance to the research. Economic Journal,F—F Residual G Gadapted from Onambele et al. The scale with fourteen items was developed based on the results from the interviews and literature review. Walk on the bright side: physical activity and affect in major depressive disorder. Peterson, D. Among these studies, 9 used electronic devices e.

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Giant Naked woman pooping. Although over-reporting with activity questionnaires is ubiquitous and has been linked Free ipaq adult emotins social desirability bias [ 30 ], there were several possible explanations why the arult in our study were lower than those Sheila starr reported. Conclusions Although the IPAQ has been recommended and widely used, it has not been found to correlate highly with objective measurements of physical activity, and tends to overestimate MET scores. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. All measurements were taken in-person by trained interviewers with standard protocols. Discussion is locked. The translated Chinese version IPAQ-C was previously validated in Hong Kong [ 12 ] and in Guangzhou [ 13 ], with weak-to-moderate correlations with pedometer and accelerometer measurements ranging from 0. A simple and valid self-report measure of physical activity would have the advantages of convenience, rapid data collection and low cost. Journal of Applied Physiology. Contrary to our expectation, differences in age, Free ipaq adult emotins physical activity level, education, and BMI did not appear to influence the correlation between Audlt and ActiGraph. International Journal of Obesity.

Title: Beyond emotional benefits: Physical activity and sedentary behaviour affect psychosocial resources through emotions.

  • The International Physical Activity Questionnaire IPAQ-SF has been validated and recommended as an efficient method to assess physical activity, but its validity has not been investigated in different population subgroups.
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To browse Academia. Skip to main content. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. Log In Sign Up. Rebeka Prosoli. International Scientific Symposium focus on the latest trends in research on active and successful aging. The aim of the Symposium is to bring together scientists who are interested in the field of physical activity, aging and health and to conduct an open dialogue that combines and connects research and practical issues in this field.

Organizers Lithuanian Sports University LSU , founded in , is a specialised public higher education institution that has developed its unique traditions in sport, leisure and health sciences. With its mission to contribute to the sustainable development of society through international level research and academic excellence, LSU is known as a leading academic and research centre in sports science in the Baltic Sea region.

LSU is an important centre of Sports Science and a promoter of values and traditions of physical education and sport. It has trained A lot of famous scientists, world famous coaches and public figures graduated from the University.

Moreover, a significant number of LSU students have become the winners of the Olympic Games, European and world champions and winners. The European Group for Research into Elderly and Physical Activity is a non-profit making non- governmental association NGO which aims to promote physical activity and health in the elderly through the carrying out and promotion of research and the collection and diffusion of information related to this field of interest.

EGREPA is a scientific organization that is opened to work and co-operate with other organizations with common interests. Her areas of research are: Physical fitness and cognitive functioning in old age; the psychological effect of a single training session on the elderly; physical activity patterns among the elderly and other age groups in the population; physical activity and psychological variables in adult and old age.

His current research activities cover topics in movement neuroscience, aging, and developmental neuroscience. His work also examines the role of interventions with non-invasive brain stimulation techniques as therapeutic tools in neurodegenerative diseases as well as a means to affect performance and behavior. His current research focuses on the effects of healthy aging motor functions with special emphases on relationships between age-related declines in the ability to modulate inhibition and changes in structural and biochemical properties of the aging brain.

His research interests include motor control and learning, adaptation of skeletal muscles, neurorehabilitation, philosophy of science, neuromarketing and neuroeconomics. He supervised more than 15 doctoral dissertations and participated in the preparation of more than 34 dissertations. Professor is the author of several monographies, research publications the majority of which are in peer-reviewed journals of ISI Web of Science database, member of the editorial boards of international research journals.

He holds a doctoral degree in human movement sciences from the University of Potsdam. His research addresses the implementation and evaluation of programmes on physical activity and exercise for older adults, including ambient assisted living and serious games. He was also the coordinator of the "healthy lifestyle" which was supported by the Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Serbia as well as the "small courts, a great joy.

Works as a scientific collaborator on the project financed by Ministry of Science and Technological Development titled "Physical activity and fitness components of the old men", project number OI So far he published more than 50 scientific papers in international journals, most of which were conducted on the topic of exercise and recreational soccer.

His research and teaching focus on physical activity and its relationships with physical and cognitive functioning in older people. Special interests include mobility, neuro-mechanical adaptability, and exercise based interventions to improve health span. His scientific work includes the development and application of sensor based methods to study and to improve physical activity and mobility patterns in daily life of older people.

The aim of the present talk is to overview the existing literature, elaborating on selective issues. The overview will start with describing cognitive and emotional well-being in general, followed by a short history of the study in these areas.

It will then discuss two meta-analyses — one on cognitive functioning and the other on well-being. Cross-sectional and epidemiological studies will then be presented, elaborating on issues, such as the relationship between physical activity and cognitive or emotional well-being in old age as compared to other ages, fitness and cognition in the very old, the association between life-course physical activity and cognitive performance in old age, and differences between active and non-active individuals on behavioral and neurophysiological measures.

The effect of physical activity on behavioral measurements as well as brain functioning will then be reviewed in experimental studies comparing between various types of physical activity, such as aerobic exercise, coordination, or exergames. A comparison between the effects of physical vs.

Dose-response relationships between physical activity and cognitive functioning, as well as emotional well-being, will be investigated by reviewing large-scale epidemiological studies as well as experimental studies. References Anderson-Hanley, C. Exergaming and older adult cognition: a cluster randomized clinical trial. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 42, — Barnes, D. The mental activity and exercise MAX trial.

Boucard, G. Impact of physical activity on executive functions in aging: a selective effect on inhibition among old adults. Colcombe, S. Fitness effects on the cognitive function of older adults: a meta-analytic study.

Erickson, K. Exercise training increases size of hippocampus and improves memory. Gajewski, P. Long-term habitual physical activity is associated with lower distractibility in a Stroop interference task in aging: Behavioral and ERP evidence.

Heesch, K. Journal of Epidemiological Community Health. Kramer, A. Ageing, fitness and neurocognitive function.

Laurin, D. Physical activity and risk of cognitive impairment and dementia in elderly persons. Loland, N. The aging body: Attitudes toward bodily appearance among physical active and inactive women and men of different ages.

Martin, C. Exercise dose and quality of life. Physical activity over the life course and its association with cognitive performance and impairment in old age. Netz, Y. Loneliness is associated with an increased risk of sedentary life in older Israelis. Psychological functioning and adherence to the recommended dose of physical activity in later life: results from a national health survey.

International Psychogeriatrics, doi Aerobic fitness and multidomain cognitive function in advanced age. Physical activity and psychological well-being in advanced age: A meta-analysis of intervention studies. Voelcker-Rehage, C. Cardiovascular and coordination training differentially improve cognitive performance and neural processing in older adults. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 5, Xu, L. Dose-response relation between physical activity and cognitive function: Guangzhou biobank cohort study.

Annals of Epidemiology, 21, — Evidence for linking poor intra- and inter-hemispheric inhibition with declined motor control has become available with the use of noninvasive neuroimaging and brain stimulation techniques. Specifically, observations suggest that successful performance of a motor task in older adults is related, partly, to the capacity to modulate inhibition through the GABAA and GABAB receptor-mediated neurotransmission systems.

As a decline in the integrity of the GABAergic inhibitory processes may emerge due to age-related loss of white and gray matter, a promising direction for future research would be underscoring relationships between declines in the inhibitory control of movements and other biomarkers of aging which reflect changes in structural, biochemical and functional brain metrics.

For a brain to function optimally, it is not only required that each brain area fulfills its information processing role but also that information is exchanged between areas via short- and long-range white matter tracts that secure interregional interactions. Nonetheless, the boundaries and structure of the brain network that regulate inhibition are not fully acknowledged and some substructures of this network e. In the present talk I aim, specifically, to point at the missing part of the puzzle and discuss a multimodal approach that could shed light on the neurological mechanisms underlying impaired inhibitory control in healthy aging.

In designing and evaluating exercise interventions, we: a study human-made objects as our objects of research, b include the practice of design and c use functional or normative concepts in definitions and evaluations. This is what S.

Hansson calls technological science, which is neither a branch nor application of natural science, but a type of its own.

The outcome of this kind of research should and usually is in fact assessed and rated evaluation. Researchers, funders, representatives of the target group, and other individuals being affected by such a program stakeholders increasingly call for evaluation. Often, the term evaluation is used as a synonym for assessment of effectivity. However, this view neglects the design and implementation aspects of a programme. As an alternative, frameworks such as theory-driven evaluation Chen, , and the guidance for developing and evaluating complex interventions, implemented by the UK Medical Research Council Craig et al.

These frameworks explicitely include planning and implementation of a program. Thus, the evaluation results yield important information whether, for instance, the implementation of an exercise programme or the exercises themselves should be revised in order to improve outcomes.

References Chen, H. Theory-driven evaluations. Sage, London. Chen, H. Practical program evaluation. Assessing and improving planning, implementation, and effectiveness. Craig, P. Developing and evaluating complex interventions: the new Medical Research Council guidance. Br Med J, , 5. Hansson, S.

To rule out Simpson's paradox [ 28 ] i. The translated Chinese version IPAQ-C was previously validated in Hong Kong [ 12 ] and in Guangzhou [ 13 ], with weak-to-moderate correlations with pedometer and accelerometer measurements ranging from 0. There was no observable pattern of overestimation by age group, although younger people seemed to have overestimated to a greater extent compared to those aged 30 or over. Conclusions Although the IPAQ has been recommended and widely used, it has not been found to correlate highly with objective measurements of physical activity, and tends to overestimate MET scores. Doom 4 CE?

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To determine if body image emotions body-related shame and guilt, weight-related stress , perceptions self-perceived overweight , or cognitions trying to change weight differ between adolescents characterized by smoking and physical activity PA behavior.

Participants were categorized according to smoking and PA status into four groups: inactive smokers, inactive non-smokers, active smokers and active non-smokers. Associations between body image emotions, perceptions and cognitions, and group membership were estimated in multinomial logistic regression. Body image emotions and cognitions differentiated the active smoker group from the other three groups.

Negative body image is common in children and adolescents Littleton and Ollendick, Based on theory and practice, body image is a multidimensional construct consisting of perceptions, cognitions, emotions, and behaviors pertaining to one's appearance, body shape and size Cash and Pruzinsky, Negative body image is reflective of unfavorable perceptions, negative thoughts and feelings, and may trigger maladaptive actions or health-risk behaviors driven by body-related self-evaluation Bane and McAuley, Maladaptive actions, including substance use and unhealthful physical activity PA , are sometimes used to cope with negative body image.

For example, both smoking and PA are used concurrently as weight control strategies among weight-conscious individuals Lowry et al. Several dimensions of negative body image including emotions e. Furthermore, body-related self-conscious emotions such as shame and guilt, are modifiable factors that may also be associated with smoking and PA. Guilt is a motivating factor for PA in adolescent girls Gillison et al. In adult females, body shame is positively associated with smoking to control appetite and weight Fiissel and Lafreniere, Sabiston et al.

Drawing from body image theories related to objectification Fredrickson and Roberts, , social comparison Festinger, , and self-discrepancy Higgins, , body-related emotions, perceptions, and cognitions may represent modifiable determinants of smoking and PA.

In spite of the well-defined multidimensional nature of body image, researchers seldom explore all dimensions when studying health behavior outcomes. Instead, research has tended to focus on disordered eating at the expense of understanding other arguably more prominent maladaptive behaviors such as smoking and unhealthful levels of PA.

No study to date has compared body image-related correlates of levels of PA in adolescent smokers and non-smokers. Research has focused primarily on socio-demographic determinants of PA and smoking among adults deRuiter et al. Given the potential health implications of unhealthful levels of PA and smoking behaviors, understanding how adolescents cope with negative body image is important to the development of effective intervention programs aimed at improving health through optimal PA and smoking abstinence.

The objective of this study was to determine if body-related emotions i. Given the theoretical propositions and empirical evidence Festinger, , Higgins, , Fredrickson and Roberts, , Sabiston et al. On the other hand, negative body image is also potentially associated with motivation to improve one's condition i. AdoQuest is a prospective longitudinal investigation of grade 5 Montreal students aged Details on AdoQuest have been published elsewhere Low et al.

Data for this cross-sectional analysis were collected in —11 when students were aged These two measures were multiplied to produce an estimate of average past month cigarette consumption. Response choices range from 1 never to 5 always. An average score was calculated for the shame and guilt subscales. Cronbach alpha coefficients for the shame and guilt subscales scores in the current sample were 0.

Guilt differs from shame in that it reflects a negative evaluation of one's specific behavior, whereas shame reflects a negative evaluation of the self. In addition, shame and guilt are distinguished by their adaptiveness, such that guilt has the potential to motivate behavior change but shame is reliably maladaptive Tangney and Dearing, Due to the high correlation between these constructs, guilt and shame were examined by statistically partialling out shared variance using regression analysis, leaving constructs labeled shame-free guilt and guilt-free shame Tangney and Dearing, Shame-free guilt represents the behavior-focused, adaptive and psychological adjustment aspects of guilt that are thought to distinguish it from shame, while guilt-free shame represents the self-focused maladaptive aspects of shame that distinguish it from guilt Tangney and Dearing, All other participants who did not report having experienced changes in their weight or physical appearance that they did not like were coded 0.

BMI was calculated using data on self-reported height and weight collected in and To reduce missing data, data on height and weight were used among 26 2.

BMI percentiles computed using data were adjusted for average percentage change in BMI percentile from to To reduce missing data, data on mother's education were used for Data on PA, body-related shame and body-related guilt were collected in — grade 11 only. Consequently, the present study is restricted to a cross sectional analysis of the data collected in — Participants were categorized into one of four categories according to ever smoking and meeting MVPA status: inactive non-smokers, active non-smokers, inactive smokers, and active smokers.

Descriptive statistics were computed for the four groups. Preliminary analyses indicated that there were no statistically significant sex interactions in any association and therefore all analyses were conducted using the sample pooled across sex. Models were adjusted for sex, mother's education, and BMI percentile. All statistical tests were two-sided, with a significance level of 0. Analyses were conducted using Stata Stata, version Data on smoking and PA were available for participants.

Therefore, participants were retained for analysis. Active and inactive smokers did not differ in mean number of years since smoking initiation 3. Most participants were Caucasian and there was little difference in race or age across the four groups.

A lower proportion of the active non-smoker group reported self-perceived overweight and trying to change weight. A higher proportion of smokers than non-smokers reported trying to lose weight. The active non-smokers group had the lowest scores for body-related shame and guilt.

Selected characteristics of participants according to smoking and physical activity status, AdoQuest — Coefficients for variables other than guilt-free shame and shame-free guilt were similar in magnitude and direction across the two models. Specifically, participants who perceived themselves as overweight and those who reported feeling stressed about their weight were less likely to belong to the active non-smokers group. Participants who reported trying to gain weight were more likely to be active smokers.

The objective of this study was to assess if body image-related emotions, perceptions, and cognitions differ across four groups of adolescents characterized by smoking and PA status. The results suggest that active adolescent smokers may engage in PA as a strategy to try to gain weight.

It is possible that active smokers attempt to gain weight in the form of increased muscle mass McCreary and Sasse, , O'Dea and Rawstorne, by engaging in physical activity. PA interventions targeted to adolescent smokers, and in particular to males, should therefore include information on how smoking negatively affects the ability to increase muscle mass negatively Montes de Oca et al. In this study, adolescents who reported body-related guilt were more likely to be active smokers, while those who reported feeling body-related shame were less likely to be active smokers.

This result concords with the notion that guilt is associated with reparative action Tangney and Dearing, The cross-sectional nature of our data precludes the assessment of the directionality of the association observed; however, if guilt precedes and influences engagement in PA, then higher levels of guilt may foster feelings of personal responsibility in individuals who engage in unhealthy behaviors, leading them to seek strategies to restore their sense of physical self.

It is possible that adolescent smokers with higher levels of body-related guilt turn to PA to restore their sense of physical self or reduce the negative consequences of their actions such as smoking and emotions. While body-related guilt may drive adolescent smokers to engage in PA, using guilt as a motivator for PA may not be an effective strategy for sustained PA participation.

Research indicates that motivation for engaging in PA that is based on choice and volition, as opposed to pressure and tension i. Limitations include the cross-sectional study design, which precludes inferences about the directionality or the causal nature of the associations observed. Participants were drawn from a convenience sample of schools so that the results may not be generalizable to other populations of adolescents.

However, participants in this study were similar in terms of several health-related behaviors including smoking and PA, to a representative sample of adolescents attending secondary school in the province of Quebec Institut de la statistique-Quebec, The use of self-reports of PA may result in misclassification since children and adolescents tend to overestimate their PA behavior Sallis and Saelens, , Shiely and MacDonncha, Body image emotions and cognitions differentiate active adolescent smokers from other adolescents and may represent useful targets for PA intervention in adolescent smokers.

Specifically, body-related guilt and the desire to gain weight are associated with being active and smoking. The study funders had no role in the study design, execution or reporting of this manuscript. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.

Journal List Prev Med Rep v. Prev Med Rep. Published online Feb Contreras , a, b Catherine M. Sabiston , c Erin K. Catherine M. Erin K. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

Jennifer O'Loughlin: ac. Abstract Objectives To determine if body image emotions body-related shame and guilt, weight-related stress , perceptions self-perceived overweight , or cognitions trying to change weight differ between adolescents characterized by smoking and physical activity PA behavior.

Conclusion Body image emotions and cognitions differentiated the active smoker group from the other three groups. Keywords: Adolescents, Physical activity, smoking, Body image. Introduction Negative body image is common in children and adolescents Littleton and Ollendick, Material and methods AdoQuest is a prospective longitudinal investigation of grade 5 Montreal students aged Statistical analysis Data on PA, body-related shame and body-related guilt were collected in — grade 11 only.

Results Data on smoking and PA were available for participants. Open in a separate window. Discussion The objective of this study was to assess if body image-related emotions, perceptions, and cognitions differ across four groups of adolescents characterized by smoking and PA status.

Limitations Limitations include the cross-sectional study design, which precludes inferences about the directionality or the causal nature of the associations observed. Conclusion Body image emotions and cognitions differentiate active adolescent smokers from other adolescents and may represent useful targets for PA intervention in adolescent smokers. Conflict of interest statement The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

References Akbartabartoori M. Relationships between cigarette smoking, body size and body shape.

Free ipaq adult emotins

Free ipaq adult emotins

Free ipaq adult emotins