Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea-STD Facts - Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease STD. It tends to infect warm, moist areas of the body, including the:. Gonorrhea passes from person to person through unprotected oral, anal, or vaginal sex. The best protections against infection are abstinence, monogamy sex with only one partner , and proper condom usage. Behaviors that make a person more likely to engage in unprotected sex also increase the likelihood of infection.

Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea

Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea

Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea

Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea

Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea

CDC is not responsible for Section compliance accessibility on other federal or Hentia lesbains website. Gollmann recommended the following as cures: aconite to cure "shooting pains with soreness and inflammation;" mercury "for stitching pain with purulent discharge;" nux vomica and sulphur "when the symptoms are complicated with hemorrhoids and stricture of the rectum. Links with this Hula danincing indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. Francisella tularensis Tularemia. It is becoming harder to treat some gonorrhea, as drug-resistant strains of gonorrhea are increasing. Women are at greater risk of long-term complications from untreated infections. The underlying gonorrhea should Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea treated; if this is done then usually a good prognosis will follow. Annals of Internal Medicine. Herpes Simplex. Infection in the rectum can cause discomfort, pain or discharge.

Girl naked on couch. Symptoms in women

Symptoms in Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea. In rare cases, this may cause a man to be sterile, or prevent him from being able to father a child. Women are at greater risk of long-term complications from untreated infections. Medication for gonorrhea should not be shared with anyone. Department of Health and Human Services. Most of the time, urine can be used to test for gonorrhea. Basic Fact Sheet Detailed Version Basic fact sheets are presented in plain language for individuals with general questions about sexually transmitted diseases. Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, Sherrard J, Barlow D. It is becoming harder to treat some gonorrhea, as drug-resistant strains of gonorrhea are increasing.

Back to Gonorrhoea.

  • Basic Fact Sheet Detailed Version.
  • Gonorrhea " the clap " is a common sexually transmitted disease STD in the United States, but many people with it don't even know they have it because there are often no signs of infection—especially in women.
  • Gonorrhea is an infection caused by a sexually transmitted bacterium that can infect both males and females.
  • Sign In Site Map.

Gonorrhea , colloquially known as the clap , is a sexually transmitted infection STI caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

Gonorrhea is spread through sexual contact with an infected person. Gonorrhea can be prevented with the use of condoms , having sex with only one person who is uninfected, and by not having sex. Gonorrhea affects about 0. Gonorrhea infections of mucosal membranes can cause swelling, itching, pain, and the formation of pus. Half of women with gonorrhea are asymptomatic but the other half experience vaginal discharge , lower abdominal pain, or pain with sexual intercourse associated with inflammation of the uterine cervix.

Most infected men with symptoms have inflammation of the penile urethra associated with a burning sensation during urination and discharge from the penis. If left untreated, gonorrhea can spread from the original site of infection and infect and damage the joints, skin, and other organs.

Indications of this can include fever, skin rashes, sores, and joint pain and swelling. Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Infected persons may be able to infect others repeatedly without having any signs or symptoms of their own. The infection is usually spread from one person to another through vaginal , oral , or anal sex.

The risk for men that have sex with men MSM is higher. A mother may transmit gonorrhea to her newborn during childbirth; when affecting the infant's eyes, it is referred to as ophthalmia neonatorum.

Traditionally, gonorrhea was diagnosed with Gram stain and culture ; however, newer polymerase chain reaction PCR -based testing methods are becoming more common. Tests that use polymerase chain reaction PCR , aka nucleic acid amplification to identify genes unique to N. Culture growing colonies of bacteria in order to isolate and identify them and Gram-stain staining of bacterial cell walls to reveal morphology can also be used to detect the presence of N.

If Gram-negative, oxidase-positive diplococci are visualized on direct Gram stain of urethral pus male genital infection , no further testing is needed to establish the diagnosis of gonorrhea infection. The chances of false positives are increased as Gram-negative diplococci native to the normal vaginal flora cannot be distinguished from N.

Thus, cervical swabs must be cultured under the conditions described above. Culture is especially useful for diagnosis of infections of the throat, recutum, eyes, blood, or joints — areas where PCR-based tests are not well established in all labs. In patients who may have disseminated gonococcal infection DGI , all possible mucosal sites should be cultured e. All people testing positive for gonorrhea should be tested for other sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia , syphilis , and human immunodeficiency virus.

Extragenital gonorrhea and chlamydia are highest in men who have sex with men MSM. Screening for gonorrhea in women who are or intend to become pregnant, and who are found to be at high risk for sexually transmitted diseases , is recommended as part of prenatal care in the United States.

As with most sexually transmitted diseases, the risk of infection can be reduced significantly by the correct use of condoms and can be removed almost entirely by limiting sexual activities to a mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected person.

Those previously infected are encouraged to return for follow up care to make sure that the infection has been eliminated. In addition to the use of phone contact, the use of email and text messaging have been found to improve the re-testing for infection.

Newborn babies coming through the birth canal are given erythromycin ointment in the eyes to prevent blindness from infection. The underlying gonorrhea should be treated; if this is done then usually a good prognosis will follow. Antibiotics are used to treat gonorrhea infections. As of , both ceftriaxone by injection and azithromycin by mouth are most effective. Adults may have eyes infected with gonorrhoea and require proper personal hygiene and medications.

Infections of the throat can be especially problematic, as antibiotics have difficulty becoming sufficiently concentrated there to destroy the bacteria. This is amplified by the fact that pharyngeal gonorrhoea is mostly asymptomatic, and gonococci and commensal Neisseria species can coexist for long time periods in the pharynx and share anti-microbial resistance genes. Accordingly, an enhanced focus on early detection i. It is recommended that sexual partners be tested and potentially treated.

The United States' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC currently recommend that individuals who have been diagnosed and treated for gonorrhea avoid sexual contact with others until at least one week past the final day of treatment in order to prevent the spread of the bacterium.

Many antibiotics that were once effective including penicillin , tetracycline , and fluoroquinolones are no longer recommended because of high rates of resistance. Gonorrhea if left untreated may last for weeks or months with higher risks of complications.

In men, inflammation of the epididymis , prostate gland , and urethra can result from untreated gonorrhea. Other complications include inflammation of the tissue surrounding the liver , [59] a rare complication associated with Fitz-Hugh—Curtis syndrome ; septic arthritis in the fingers, wrists, toes, and ankles; septic abortion ; chorioamnionitis during pregnancy; neonatal or adult blindness from conjunctivitis ; and infertility.

Men who have had a gonorrhea infection have an increased risk of getting prostate cancer. About 88 million cases of gonorrhea occur each year, out of the million new cases of curable STI each year — that also includes syphilis, chlamydia and trichomoniasis.

In the United Kingdom, per , males 20 to 24 years old and per , females 16 to 19 years old were diagnosed in Fewer than half of these infections are reported to CDC. In , , cases of gonorrhea were reported to the CDC. After the implementation of a national gonorrhea control program in the mids, the national gonorrhea rate declined from to After a small increase in , the gonorrhea rate has decreased slightly since In , the rate of reported gonorrheal infections was In the US, it is the second-most-common bacterial sexually transmitted infections ; chlamydia remains first.

The World Health Organization warned in of the spread of untreatable strains of gonorrhea, following analysis of at least three cases in Japan, France and Spain, which survived all antibiotic treatment. Some scholars translate the biblical terms zav for a male and zavah for a female as gonorrhea. It has been suggested that mercury was used as a treatment for gonorrhea. Surgeons' tools on board the recovered English warship the Mary Rose included a syringe that, according to some, was used to inject the mercury via the urinary meatus into any unfortunate crewman suffering from gonorrhea.

The name "the clap", in reference to the disease, is recorded as early as the sixteenth century, referring to a medieval red-light district in Paris, Les Clapiers. Translating to "The rabbit holes", it was so named for the small huts in which prostitutes worked. In , Dr. He noted that the disease was common in prostitutes and homosexuals in large cities. Gollmann recommended the following as cures: aconite to cure "shooting pains with soreness and inflammation;" mercury "for stitching pain with purulent discharge;" nux vomica and sulphur "when the symptoms are complicated with hemorrhoids and stricture of the rectum.

Other remedies include argentum , aurum gold , belladonna , calcarea , ignatia , phosphorus , and sepia. Silver nitrate was one of the widely used drugs in the 19th century. However, it became replaced by Protargol. The silver-based treatment was used until the first antibiotics came into use in the s.

The exact time of onset of gonorrhea as prevalent disease or epidemic cannot be accurately determined from the historical record. One of the first reliable notations occurs in the Acts of the English Parliament. In , this body passed a law to reduce the spread of " A similar decree was passed by Louis IX in France in , replacing regulation with banishment. Coincidental to, or dependent on, the appearance of a gonorrhea epidemic, several changes occurred in European medieval society.

Cities hired public health doctors to treat afflicted patients without right of refusal. Pope Boniface rescinded the requirement that physicians complete studies for the lower orders of the Catholic priesthood. Medieval public health physicians in the employ of their cities were required to treat prostitutes infected with the "burning", as well as lepers and other epidemic victims. A vaccine for gonorrhea has been developed that is effective in mice.

Development of a vaccine has been complicated by the ongoing evolution of resistant strains and antigenic variation the ability of N. A study published in showed that MeNZB group B meningococcal vaccine provided a partial protection against gonorrhea. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Clap. For the Lil Wayne song, see Gonorrhea song. See also: Safe sex. Archived from the original on 2 September Retrieved 27 August Archived from the original on 8 September BMC Infectious Diseases.

Bibcode : PLoSO.. General and Oral Pathology for the Dental Hygienist. Wolters Kluwer Health. World Health Organisation. Archived from the original pdf on 12 September Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 6 August Prevententive Services Task Force". Annals of Internal Medicine. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University. Archived from the original on 2 October The Urologic Clinics of North America.

Clin Evid Online. Journal of Pathogens. Shmaefsky 1 January Archived from the original on 2 November

In rare cases, the infection can cause the cornea to "melt," binding the eyeball partially or completely to the eyelid. Any genital symptoms, such as discharge, burning during urination, or pain during sex, should be a signal to stop having sex and to see a doctor right away. Send using Facebook Share on Facebook. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. It tends to infect warm, moist areas of the body, including the:. In babies, gonorrhea most commonly affects the eyes. Symptoms in Babies.

Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea

Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea. related stories

Gonorrhea is usually treated with an antibiotic injection of Ceftriaxone one time to the buttocks or a single dose of Azithromycin by mouth. Once on antibiotics, you should feel relief within days. The law requires healthcare professionals to report the infection, usually to the county public health department.

Public health officials will identify, contact, test, and treat any sexual partners of the affected person to help prevent the spread of the infection. Health officials will also contact other people these individuals may have had sexual contact with. The emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains of gonorrhea is a growing challenge.

These cases may require more extensive treatment, with a seven-day course of an oral antibiotic or dual therapy with two different antibiotics, usually for a total of seven days of therapy. The antibiotics used for extended therapy are usually given once or twice a day. Some common antibiotics used include azithromycin and doxycycline. Scientists are working to develop vaccines to prevent gonorrhea infection.

The safest way to prevent gonorrhea or other STDs is through abstinence. If you do engage in sex, always use a condom. If your partner is showing signs of a possible infection, avoid any sexual contact with them. Ask them to seek medical attention to rule out any possible infection that can be passed on. If you think you may have gonorrhea, you should avoid any sexual activity.

You should also contact your doctor immediately. Cutting your course of antibiotics short can make the bacteria more likely to develop resistance to the antibiotic. You also need to follow up with your doctor one to two weeks later to make sure that your infection has cleared.

Gonorrhea and chlamydia are both bacteria that cause STDs. The risk factors are the same for both infections, and both cause similar symptoms.

The complications of chlamydia are very similar to gonorrhea except chlamydia is much less likely to affect sites other than the reproductive tract. Diagnosis and treatment are virtually the same as well. If you think you may have an STD, you should see a healthcare professional. They can determine what type it is by testing you as described above, and then start proper treatment. Understanding the risks and knowing the signs of STDs is crucial for any man who is sexually active. Learn how to spot the main symptoms of the most….

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that may not present any noticeable symptoms. Although sometimes without symptoms, delaying treatment…. Vaginal discharge is normal in menstruating women.

Changes in color, odor, or consistency may be a sign of a health condition. Untreated gonorrhea can spread to the bloodstream and other parts of the body. This can lead to a serious condition called systemic gonococcal…. Herpes simplex virus is common in the United States. Learn about gonorrhea treatment and prevention here….

Gonorrhea can be passed on to a newborn during delivery. Read more on how to treat gonorrhea in pregnancy. Information on sexually transmitted infections specifically for women. Read about gender specific symptoms, prevention and tests.

Untreated sexually transmitted infections STIs can lead to potentially serious health problems. We explain how and when you should be tested for…. Symptoms of gonorrhea. Tests for gonorrhea. Complications of gonorrhea. Treatment of gonorrhea. Prevention of gonorrhea.

What to do if you have gonorrhea. Q: What is the relationship between gonorrhea and chlamydia? A: Gonorrhea and chlamydia are both bacteria that cause STDs.

Graham Rogers, MD Answers represent the opinions of our medical experts. All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice.

In rare cases, a gonorrheal infection can spread through the bloodstream and infects distant organs. This is referred to as disseminated gonococcal infection DGI , a complication that occurs in around 3 percent of patients. Those most at risk are people with compromised immune systems , including organ recipients and people with HIV.

DGI is often referred to as arthritis-dermatitis syndrome because it frequently causes inflammation of the joints septic arthritis and pus-filled lesions on the skin. Very rarely, the infection can settle in the heart and cause inflammation of the heart valves endocarditis , manifesting with symptoms of malaise, fever, chills, and a heart murmur.

While some signs of a gonorrhea infection are classic such as a discharge in men , most are relatively non-specific and easily missed. Because of this, the best rule of thumb is to see a doctor and request an STD screen if you have had unprotected sex and any signs of infection, however mild. This is especially true if your sex partner is someone you barely know or suspect may have an STD. If you're hesitant, remember that health professionals are not there to judge you.

Due to the high rate of infections in the United States and the impact they can have on women of childbearing age, the U. Preventive Services Task Force recommends the screening for gonorrhea and chlamydia in all sexually active women who are at an increased risk of infection, including pregnant women. Some institutions have expanded on these recommendations and will conduct the routine screening for gonorrhea and chlamydia, as well as syphilis , hepatitis B , and HIV , as part of the first prenatal visit.

Our Doctor Discussion Guide below can help start a conversation about screening, symptoms, and more with a healthcare professional.

Get our printable guide for your next doctor's appointment to help you ask the right questions. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Gonorrhea Statistics. Updated December 29, Genital Chlamydia trachomatis: an update. Indian J Med Res. Updated October 25, Sherrard J, Barlow D.

Gonorrhoea in men: clinical and diagnostic aspects. Genitourin Med. Neonatal conjunctivitis - a review. Malays Fam Physician. Published Aug Department of Health and Human Services. Pelvic inflammatory disease fact sheet.

Updated April 1, Ochsendorf FR. Sexually transmitted infections: impact on male fertility. Prevalence of gonococcal conjunctivitis in adults and neonates. Eye Lond. Disseminated Gonococcal Infection. Updated June 17, Gonococcal endocarditis: a rare complication of a common disease.

J Clin Pathol. Overview Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment. Initial Symptoms. When to See a Doctor. View All. Vaginal discharge Burning or pain when urinating dysuria Vaginal itchiness Bleeding between periods Lower abdominal pain or discomfort Pain during sex dyspareunia.

A greenish-yellow discharge from the penis Dysuria Pain and swelling in the testicles or scrotum. Symptoms in Babies. Complications in Women.

Infertility An infection can sometimes cause scarring in the fallopian tubes, leading to complete tubal blockage and infertility.

Gonorrhea: Symptoms, Treatment, Causes, and More

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease STD. It tends to infect warm, moist areas of the body, including the:. Gonorrhea passes from person to person through unprotected oral, anal, or vaginal sex. The best protections against infection are abstinence, monogamy sex with only one partner , and proper condom usage. Behaviors that make a person more likely to engage in unprotected sex also increase the likelihood of infection. These behaviors include alcohol abuse and illegal drug abuse , particularly intravenous drug use.

Symptoms usually occur within two to 14 days after exposure. However, some people infected with gonorrhea never develop noticeable symptoms. Men may not develop noticeable symptoms for several weeks. Some men may never develop symptoms. Typically, the infection begins to show symptoms a week after its transmission. The first noticeable symptom in men is often a burning or painful sensation during urination.

As it progresses, other symptoms may include:. The infection will stay in the body for a few weeks after the symptoms have been treated.

In rare instances, gonorrhea can continue to cause damage to the body, specifically the urethra and testicles. Pain may also spread to the rectum.

When women do develop symptoms, they tend to be mild or similar to other infections, making them more difficult to identify. Gonorrhea infections can appear much like common vaginal yeast or bacterial infections. Healthcare professionals can diagnose gonorrhea infection in several ways. They can take a sample of fluid from the symptomatic area with a swab penis, vagina, rectum, or throat and place it on a glass slide.

If your doctor suspects a joint or blood infection , he or she will obtain the sample by drawing blood or inserting a needle into the symptomatic joint to withdraw fluid. They will then add a stain to the sample and examine it under a microscope.

If cells react to the stain, you most likely have a gonorrhea infection. This test may also be completed by a lab technologist.

A second method involves taking the same type of sample and placing it on a special dish. This will be incubated under ideal growth conditions for several days. A colony of gonorrhea bacteria will grow if gonorrhea is present. A preliminary result may be ready within 24 hours. A final result will take up to three days.

Women are at greater risk of long-term complications from untreated infections. Untreated infection with gonorrhea in women may ascend up the female reproductive tract and involve the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. This condition is known as pelvic inflammatory disease PID and can cause severe and chronic pain and damage the female reproductive organs. PID can be caused by other sexually transmitted diseases as well. Women may also develop blocking or scarring of the fallopian tubes, which can prevent future pregnancy or cause ectopic pregnancy.

An ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus. Gonorrhea infection may pass to a newborn infant during delivery. Men may experience scarring of the urethra. Men may also develop a painful abscess in the interior of the penis. The infection can cause reduced fertility or sterility. When gonorrhea infection spreads to the bloodstream, both men and women can experience arthritis , heart valve damage, or inflammation of the lining of the brain or spinal cord.

These are rare but serious conditions. Modern antibiotics can cure most gonorrhea infections. Most states also provide free diagnosis and treatment at state-sponsored health clinics. There are no at-home remedies or over-the-counter medications that will treat an infection with gonorrhea.

If you suspect that you have gonorrhea, you should seek care from a healthcare professional. Gonorrhea is usually treated with an antibiotic injection of Ceftriaxone one time to the buttocks or a single dose of Azithromycin by mouth. Once on antibiotics, you should feel relief within days. The law requires healthcare professionals to report the infection, usually to the county public health department. Public health officials will identify, contact, test, and treat any sexual partners of the affected person to help prevent the spread of the infection.

Health officials will also contact other people these individuals may have had sexual contact with. The emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains of gonorrhea is a growing challenge. These cases may require more extensive treatment, with a seven-day course of an oral antibiotic or dual therapy with two different antibiotics, usually for a total of seven days of therapy. The antibiotics used for extended therapy are usually given once or twice a day. Some common antibiotics used include azithromycin and doxycycline.

Scientists are working to develop vaccines to prevent gonorrhea infection. The safest way to prevent gonorrhea or other STDs is through abstinence. If you do engage in sex, always use a condom. If your partner is showing signs of a possible infection, avoid any sexual contact with them. Ask them to seek medical attention to rule out any possible infection that can be passed on. If you think you may have gonorrhea, you should avoid any sexual activity.

You should also contact your doctor immediately. Cutting your course of antibiotics short can make the bacteria more likely to develop resistance to the antibiotic. You also need to follow up with your doctor one to two weeks later to make sure that your infection has cleared. Gonorrhea and chlamydia are both bacteria that cause STDs. The risk factors are the same for both infections, and both cause similar symptoms. The complications of chlamydia are very similar to gonorrhea except chlamydia is much less likely to affect sites other than the reproductive tract.

Diagnosis and treatment are virtually the same as well. If you think you may have an STD, you should see a healthcare professional. They can determine what type it is by testing you as described above, and then start proper treatment.

Understanding the risks and knowing the signs of STDs is crucial for any man who is sexually active. Learn how to spot the main symptoms of the most…. Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that may not present any noticeable symptoms. Although sometimes without symptoms, delaying treatment…. Vaginal discharge is normal in menstruating women. Changes in color, odor, or consistency may be a sign of a health condition. Untreated gonorrhea can spread to the bloodstream and other parts of the body.

This can lead to a serious condition called systemic gonococcal…. Herpes simplex virus is common in the United States. Learn about gonorrhea treatment and prevention here…. Gonorrhea can be passed on to a newborn during delivery. Read more on how to treat gonorrhea in pregnancy. Information on sexually transmitted infections specifically for women. Read about gender specific symptoms, prevention and tests. Untreated sexually transmitted infections STIs can lead to potentially serious health problems.

We explain how and when you should be tested for…. Symptoms of gonorrhea. Tests for gonorrhea. Complications of gonorrhea. Treatment of gonorrhea. Prevention of gonorrhea. What to do if you have gonorrhea. Q: What is the relationship between gonorrhea and chlamydia? A: Gonorrhea and chlamydia are both bacteria that cause STDs. Graham Rogers, MD Answers represent the opinions of our medical experts.

All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice. Chlamydia: Symptoms, Treatment, and More.

Systemic Gonococcal Infection. Herpes Simplex. Read this next.

Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea

Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea

Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea